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A Criterion to Compare Mechanisms When Solutions Are Not Unique, with Applications to Constrained School Choice

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Working paper
Author/s: 
Benoit Decerf and Martin Van der Linden
Issue number: 
2016/33
Series: 
CORE Discussion Papers
Publisher: 
Université Catholique de Louvain
Year: 
2016
We introduce a new criterion to compare the properties of mechanisms when the solution concept used induces multiple solutions. Our criterion generalizes previous approaches in the literature. We use our criterion to compare the stability of constrained versions of the Boston (BOS) and deferred acceptance (DA) school choice mechanisms in which students can only rank a subset of the schools they could potentially access. When students play a Nash equilibrium, we show that there is a stability cost to increasing the number of schools students can rank in DA. On the other hand, when students only play undominated strategies, increasing the number of schools students can rank increases stability. We find similar results for BOS. We also compare BOS and DA. Whatever the number of schools students can rank, we find that BOS is more stable than DA in Nash equilibrium, but less stable in undominated strategies.
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