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Local Network Externalities and Market Segmentation

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Working paper
Author/s: 
A. Banerji and Bhaskar Dutta
Issue number: 
725
Publisher: 
University of Warwick
Year: 
2005
This paper models interaction between groups of agents by means of a graph where each node represents a group of agents and an arc represents bilat-eral interaction. It departs from the standard Katz-Shapiro framework by assuming that network benefits are restricted only amongst groups of linked agents. It shows that even if rival firms engage in Bertrand competition, this form of network externalities permits strong market segmentation in which firms divide up the market and earn positive profits. The analysis also shows that some graphs or network structures do not permit such segmentation, while for others, there are easy to interpret conditions under which market segmentation obtains in equilibrium.
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