Error message

Deprecated function: Array and string offset access syntax with curly braces is deprecated in include_once() (line 20 of /mnt/web104/a0/07/510451407/htdocs/includes/file.phar.inc).

The Network Origins of Aggregate Fluctuations

Printer-friendly version
Working paper
Author/s: 
Daron Acemoglu, Vasco Carvalho, Asuman Ozdaglar and Alireza Tahbaz-Salehi
Issue number: 
RM/11/029
Publisher: 
Maastricht University
Year: 
2011
This paper argues that in the presence of intersectoral input-output linkages, microeconomic idiosyncratic shocks may lead to aggregate fluctuations. In particular, it shows that, as the economy becomes more disaggregated, the rate at which aggregate volatility decays is determined by the structure of the network capturing such linkages. Our main results provide a characterization of this relationship in terms of the importance of different sectors as suppliers to their immediate customers as well as their role as indirect suppliers to chains of downstream sectors. Such higher-order interconnections capture the possibility of “cascade effects ” whereby productivity shocks to a sector propagate not only to its immediate downstream customers, but also indirectly to the rest of the economy. Our results highlight that sizable aggregate volatility is obtained from sectoral idiosyncratic shocks only if there exists significant asymmetry in the roles that sectors play as suppliers to others, and that the “sparseness ” of the input-output matrix is unrelated to the nature of aggregate fluctuations.
Developed by Paolo Gittoi